Periodontal refers to the tissues and structures that support and surround the teeth (gums).
Pocket reduction surgery: This procedure is used to remove plaque and tartar from deep pockets in the gums and smooth the root surfaces of the teeth.
Bone grafting: This procedure involves using a small piece of bone from another area of the body or a synthetic bone substitute to help rebuild lost bone around the teeth.
Guided tissue regeneration: This procedure involves the use of a special membrane to protect the gum tissue and stimulate the growth of new bone and gum tissue.
Osseous surgery: This procedure involves removing infected bone and reshaping the remaining bone to help the gums fit more snugly around the teeth.
Gum depigmentation, also known as hypopigmentation, is a condition in which the gums become lighter in color.
This can occur due to a variety of factors, including genetic disorders, medical conditions, or the use of certain medications.
Treatment with topical agents or procedures such as laser therapy will be used to help restore the natural color of the gums.
In some cases, surgical procedures may be necessary to remove any abnormal tissue.